What can you tell us about muscle memory? I was given a piece that I haven’t played in 12 years and it was like my fingers knew where to go without my knowledge!
I can definitely tell you lots about muscle memory!
It can improve or worsen your playing without you knowing it.
Let’s take a look…
Having Happy Muscles: Muscle Memory
When you do the same thing over and over again, it gets easier over time.
You start to do it without thinking.
That’s muscle memory.
For example, let’s consider walking:
Walking is a big effort for babies, but once you’ve gained the muscle memory, it gets so easy.
Note: The muscles themselves do not remember anything; rather, the brain stores memories of actions which the muscles repeat.
The popular name “muscle memory” is misleading but I’m going to use it here for simplicity’s sake (and to refer to the original question).
Interestingly, when pianists hear pieces that they’ve played, their fingers start to follow and play with the music.
This suggests that perception of music is closely related to muscle memory. (Wikipedia)
The Magic of Muscle Memory
The more you do an action, the easier it gets. Just like anything else.
The cool thing is, you can regain muscle (and muscle memory) more quickly and easily than if you were doing it the first time.
That’s why older athletes can still play against people that are ten years younger– they have years of muscle experience.
Studies show that experienced pianists use the motor network less than inexperienced pianists when doing complex hand movements.
Meaning, lots of movements are ‘programmed’, like walking and running, and we can walk while talking without thinking about it.
Most experienced pianists can play the notes without thinking about it, so they’re free to focus on other things like musicality.
If you don’t bother correcting your mistakes when you play piano, you’ll form memories of the wrong habits– this is deadly.
(I’m sure you don’t want to be stuck with hours of frustration.)
It’s easier to learn something right the first time than correcting it when you’ve got the muscle memory, especially when it comes to memorizing a piece.
If your memory slips when you try to memorize something, correct it right away because your memory will adapt to that mistake.
Using Muscle Memory to Help You
- Correct any mistake right away, whether it’s technique, posture, or memorization.
- Use flow to help you learn skills more quickly.
- Be patient. Developing muscle memory means being diligent and consistent on a certain skill before it requires less effort and concentration.
Marla, congratulations on the muscle memory you’ve managed to secure (assuming your technique is correct)!