Learn the dynamics and how they work with this all-in-one guide.
Dynamic markings are guidelines for volume. Most dynamic markings are in Italian.
Tip: Dynamics are relative to each other.
|Fortississimo – Very Very Loud|
|Fortissimo – Very Loud|
|Forte – Loud|
|Mezzo-Forte – Medium Loud|
|Mezzo-Piano – Medium Soft|
|Piano – Soft|
|Pianissimo – Very Soft|
|Pianississimo – Very Very Soft|
|Crescendo – Gradually becoming Louder|
|Decrescendo/Diminuendo – Gradually becoming Softer|
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Sforzando (sfz) – Sudden, Forceful Accent
Forzando (fz) – Forceful
Marcato – Marked, Stressed
PianoForte – Soft, then Loud immediately
Sotto Voce – Soft “Voice”
Morendo – Dying Away
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